"Hard news is in danger," said a new report from the Brookings Institution.
The Washington Examiner reports the report details a fall-off in advertising revenues and employment and raised the question that without editorial employees filtering the news, credibility will be undermined.
"These trends have left many people wondering who will collect hard news for the general public. While the Internet world has made it possible for everyone to express their opinion widely — whether they know anything or not — it has also confused readers. In the absence of supposedly neutral intermediaries such as reporters, fact-checkers, and editors, readers are having a hard time judging the credibility of what they read," said the report.
Filling in the hard news gap appears to be more opinion journalism.
In digital journalism, which is exploding, she said, "there's a slide that is going on where we're in a golden age of opinion journalism, and there's greater analysis, and sort of more interesting analytical gray zone that's happening in the way that news is presented."
The sheer numbers of print's downfall are depressing:
- There are half as many people reporting on the news than four decades ago, to just over 32,000.
- Daily newspapers have gone from a high of nearly 1,800 in 1945 to about 400.
- Circulation per capita has dropped below 15 percent.