Saturday, April 6, 2024

Radio History: April 7

➦In 1897...Walter Winchell born (Died at age 74 from cancer – February 20, 1972). He was a newspaper and radio gossip commentator.

Walter Winchell
Winchell found embarrassing stories about famous people by exploiting his exceptionally wide circle of contacts, and trading gossip, sometimes in return for his silence. His uniquely outspoken style made him both feared and admired, and his column was syndicated worldwide. In the 1930s, he attacked the appeasers of Nazism, and later aligned with Joseph McCarthy in his campaign against communists. He damaged the reputations of Charles Lindbergh and Josephine Baker as well as other individuals who had earned his enmity.

However, the McCarthy connection in time made him deeply unfashionable, his talents did not adapt well for television, and his career ended in humiliation.

He made his radio debut over WABC in New York, a CBS affiliate, on May 12, 1930. The show, entitled Saks on Broadway, was a 15-minute feature that provided business news about Broadway. He switched to WJZ (later renamed WABC) and the NBC Blue (later ABC Radio) in 1932 for the Jergens Journal.

He coined the intro: “Good evening, Mr. and Mrs. America and all the ships at sea.”  Later his star would brighten for a new generation when he narrated the TV series The Untouchables.

➦In 1908...Percy Faith was born (Died at age 67 – February 9, 1976),  He was a Canadian bandleader, orchestrator, composer and conductor, known for his lush arrangements of pop and Christmas standards. He is often credited with popularizing the "easy listening" or "mood music" format. Faith became a staple of American popular music in the 1950s and continued well into the 1960s. Though his professional orchestra-leading career began at the height of the swing era, Faith refined and rethought orchestration techniques, including use of large string sections, to soften and fill out the brass-dominated popular music of the 1940s.

Faith was born and raised in Toronto, Ontario. He was the oldest of eight children. His parents, Abraham Faith and Minnie, née Rottenberg, were Jewish. He played violin and piano as a child, and played in theatres and at Massey Hall. After his hands were badly burned in a fire, he turned to conducting, and his live orchestras used the new medium of radio broadcasting.

Beginning with defunct stations CKNC and CKCL, Faith was a staple of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's live-music broadcasting from 1933 to 1940, when he resettled in Chicago. In the early 1940s, Faith was orchestra leader for the Carnation Contented program on NBC. From 1948-1949 he also served as the orchestra leader on the CBS radio network program The Coca-Cola Hour (also called The Pause That Refreshes). The orchestral accordionist John Serry Sr. collaborated with Faith in these broadcasts.

In 1945, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. He made many recordings for Voice of America. After working briefly for Decca Records, he worked for Mitch Miller at Columbia Records, where he turned out dozens of albums and provided arrangements for many of the pop singers of the 1950s, including Tony Bennett, Doris Day, Johnny Mathis for Mathis's 1958 Christmas album titled Merry Christmas, and Guy Mitchell for whom Faith wrote Mitchell's number-one single, "My Heart Cries for You".

His most famous and remembered recordings are "Delicado" (1952), "The Song from Moulin Rouge" (1953) and "Theme from A Summer Place" (1960), which won the Grammy Award for Record of the Year in 1961.

➦In 1927...Herbert E. Ives and Frank Gray of Bell Telephone Laboratories gave the first dramatic demonstration of mechanical television. The live picture and voice of then Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover were transmitted over telephone lines from Washington, D.C. to New York. The reflected-light television system included both small and large viewing screens. The small receiver had a two-inch-wide by 2.5-inch-high screen. The large receiver had a screen 24 inches wide by 30 inches high. Both sets were capable of reproducing reasonably accurate, monochromatic moving images. Along with the pictures, the sets also received synchronized sound.

The system transmitted images over two paths: first, a copper wire link from Washington to New York City, then a radio link from Whippany, New Jersey. Comparing the two transmission methods, viewers noted no difference in quality.

In 1928, WRGB (then W2XB) was started as the world's first television station. It broadcast from the General Electric facility in Schenectady, NY. It was popularly known as "WGY Television".

➦In 1956…64 years ago today, the first regularly-scheduled, nationally-broadcast rock ‘n’ roll radio show premiered on the CBS Radio Network.

The reputation of disc jockey Alan Freed may have been sullied somewhat by the payola scandal that ran rampant through the broadcasting industry in the early 1960s, but if there’s one thing that’s never been in question, it’s that the man appreciated the merits of rock ‘n’ roll and was one of the genre’s major proponents as it was taking off around America in the ‘50s.

To borrow a concept from Danny and the Juniors, the creation of Rock ‘n’ Roll Dance Party was a sure sign that rock ‘n’ roll was here to stay – as the magazine Downbeat wrote at the time, “the fan mail we get from all around the country is…a true barometer for the new and exciting beat that has swept the country”. Episodes of the show were recorded for airing on the American Forces Network so that US soldiers stationed overseas could enjoy the latest tunes, and those episodes are the only ones that have survived.

➦In 1967...San Francisco DJ Tom Donahue went on the air at KMPX 106.9 FM for the first time playing what was referred to as progressive rock.

The U-S Awaits A Total Eclipse Of the Sun

A solar eclipse is happening in the United States on Monday. The moon will fully obscure the sun in a band that crosses Mexico, 15 states and a small part of Eastern Canada including Montreal and Toronto. The biggest metro that falls within the area for this solar eclipse is Dallas, where the event will begin at 12.23 p.m. but might be hampered by bad weather forecast for the day.

The eclipse area will then move across Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, upstate New York and parts of New England. In 2017, a solar eclipse had been visible in a small band between Oregon and South Carolina, passing over Kansas City, St. Louis, Nashville and Charleston.

Infographic: Solar Eclipses to Hit Major U.S. Metros Within the Century | Statista You will find more infographics at Statista

According to reports, accommodation across the band has been booked solid for the upcoming Monday as many people are willing to travel to experience the event that for many happens only once in a lifetime. Within this century, however, full solar eclipses will pass over more major U.S. metros. After solar eclipses that will be visible in Northern Alaska in 2033 as well as Montana and North Dakota in 2044, the next major eclipse in the United States is coming up in 2045, hitting the Miami metro and other major Florida cities as well as Northern California, most of Colorado, Oklahoma City and once again, Arkansas.

Media Plans Total Coverage of Monday's Eclipse

The upcoming total solar eclipse on April 8, 2024 is generating significant media interest. Here’s a glimpse of the extensive coverage planned by various networks:

The Weather Channel: Stephanie Abrams will kick off the day reporting from Fredericksburg, Texas on America’s Morning Headquarters. Meteorologists like Alex Wilson in Dallas, Jim Cantore in Indianapolis, and Felicia Combs in Russellville, Arkansas will experience the total eclipse across different parts of the country.

ABC News and Nat Geo: They will collaborate on a two-hour live special called Eclipse Across America, airing at 2 p.m. on networks including ABC, Nat Geo, Nat Geo Wild, Disney Plus, and Hulu. Anchored by David Muir and Linsey Davis, the special will feature reports from Del Rio, Texas, Carbondale, Illinois, and Indianapolis.

CBS: Total Eclipse of the Heartland will air on CBS and CBS News Streaming from 2 to 3:30 ET. Norah O’Donnell and Tony Dokoupil will anchor from Indianapolis, with correspondents reporting from various locations.

NBC: Lester Holt will anchor Total Eclipse 2024 starting at 2 p.m. from the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. NBC’s owned stations will also cover the event on their FAST channels.

NASA: NASA experts will provide live broadcast coverage from 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. EDT. Tune in to NASA TV,, the NASA app, or YouTube for live views, expert commentary, and more2.

Exploratorium: Offering livestream options from Junction, Texas, and Torreón, Mexico, along the path of totality,

Audacy Markets Gear up for Total Solar Eclipse

As the sun’s brightness is turned down for April 8th’s total solar eclipse, Audacy markets in or near the path of totality are turning up the solar-themed content. From music to interviews and live coverage, see what they’re doing leading up to and during the astronomical event below.


  • Mix 94.7 (KAMX-FM)...The station has partnered with The City of Dripping Springs and will be live from the SunBLOCK Party Monday morning through the eclipse. The event features food trucks, 20 eclipse-themed vendors and a prime, safe viewing space for the eclipse. Mix 94.7 will also be featuring an “Eclipse Mix” on air while the eclipse is happening. Majic 95.5 will be taking eclipse-themed song requests from noon to 2:00 p.m. CT.


  • WBEN (WBEN-AM)...The station will be live and local all day with commercial-free programming from 2:00 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. ET. Reporters, science and weather experts will be on standby to go live across Western New York, including Niagara Falls, Buffalo Outer Harbor State Park, Knox Farm State Park and the USS Little Rock CL-92 at Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park. The station has partnered with the Buffalo Museum of Science and will have their eclipse expert, BMS Chief Scientist Dr. Holly Schreiber, as a live guest to provide ad-free updates from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET. Eye experts will also join the station to discuss best practices and safety. In preparation for the event, WBEN hosted a preview special, “Total Information on the Total Solar Eclipse,” on Friday, April 5, at 6:00 p.m. ET.


  • Q104 (WQAL-FM)...“The Q104 Eclipse Fix,” hosted by Bill Ryan of the “Q Morning Show,” will feature all things total totality, including interviews, music, details on what’s going on around the land, and call-ins beginning on Monday, April 8 at 2:00 p.m. ET.
  • Star 102 (WDOK-FM)...“Cleveland’s Morning Show with Jen and Tim” will play Star 102’s tunes of totality, giving listeners a path playlist as they dance in the dark.
  • 98.5 WNCX (WNCX-FM)98.5 WNCX will be ditching the sunshine and diving into the “Dark Side of the Tunes,” with host Nard playing music to rock listeners right through the solar eclipse beginning at 2:00 p.m. ET.


  • NewsRadio 1080 KRLD (KRLD-AM)...“The KRLD Morning News” will host a special “Countdown To Totality” starting Monday, April 8 at 5:00 a.m. CT. Special, live team coverage during the “Path To Totality” across Texas, from 12:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. CT, led by KRLD’s John Liddle, with Morning Co-Anchors Mike Rogers and Heather Behrens and Afternoon Co-Anchors David Rancken and Kristin Diaz. The station will be providing reports on Audacy All-News and News-Talk radio stations. Coverage will include reports from CBS, NASA, and the dozens of experts interviewed. Special post-eclipse coverage will focus on major traffic exiting festivals onto highways throughout North Texas. The market has leveraged its entire team, including Texas State Network partner stations, to contribute to coverage. Anchors and reporters will be scattered across North Texas at festivals and events.


  • 92.9 FM ESPN/680 AM (WMFS-FM/WMFS-AM)...A live play-by-play of the four minutes of darkness will air from 1:55 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. CT on the “Jason & John” show.
  • 104.5 The River (WRVR-FM)...Along with coverage leading up to the eclipse, the station will play “Total Eclipse Of The Heart” by Bonnie Tyler at 1:55 p.m. CT as the peak hits at 1:57 p.m. CT.
  • 99.7 The Wolf (WLFP-FM)...The station will play songs including “When The Sun Goes Down,” “Runnin’ Outta Moonlight” and more leading up to the totality.


  • 92.5 WBEE (WBEE-FM)...The station is promoting the Rochester Museum and Science Center’s “ROC The Eclipse Festival,” which will feature rising Country sensation Dylan Marlowe on April 8th. “The Bee Morning Coffee Club” (BMCC) and Afternoon Drive Host Billy Kidd will be on site for the event. The BMCC will cover what’s happening around town and promote music that will air at 3:00 p.m. ET. Songs include “When the Sun Goes Down,” “Running Outta Moonlight” and “Ain’t Going Down Until the Sun Comes Up.”
  • 96.5 WCMF (WCMF-FM)...Starting at 3:00 p.m. ET, 96.5 WCMF will play the first half of Pink Floyd’s “Dark Side of the Moon” as the eclipse’s soundtrack. WCMF will track the album’s second half as the eclipse begins to wane.
  • 98.9 The Buzz (WBZA-FM): Special programming will air for “Total Eclipse of The Buzz.” The station invited listeners to submit songs that mention the sun, moon, stars, or darkness in their titles or lyrics. Leading up to the eclipse, Afternoon Drive Host Dem Jones will play a selection of these submissions, turning the playlist into a countdown to the Eclipse. A set of songs will play during the eclipse to align with the different phases, including Soundgarden’s “Black Hole Sun,” Bonnie Tyler’s “Total Eclipse Of The Heart,” and The Beatles’ “Here Comes The Sun.”
  • 98 PXY (WPXY-FM)...Starting at 3:00 p.m. ET, 98 PXY will play an hour of eclipse/lunar-themed tunes, including Len’s “Steal My Sunshine,” Beastie Boys’ “Intergalactic,” Kid Cudi’s “Day and Night” and Natasha Bedingfield’s “Pocketful of Sunshine.”
  • 95.7 FM The Fan (WROC-AM/WROC/FM)...A live broadcast will take place from the Roof of High Falls Studios as Gene Battaglia of “The Sports Bar with Danger & Battaglia” does a play-by-play of the Eclipse.

St. Louis:  

  • The market will host a Great North American Eclipse Watch Party on the Roof of Park Pacific on Monday, April 8, from 1:45 p.m. to 2:15 p.m. CT. Sunglasses are required for the party.
  • News Radio 1120 KMOX (KMOX-AM)...News Anchor Michael Calhoun will cover the eclipse via Skype on a Southwest Airlines flight from St. Louis to Houston beginning around 1:20 p.m. CT.
Listeners can tune in to all the celestial content nationwide on the Audacy app.

Net Neutrality: Does A Problem Exist?

Net neutrality is a crucial concept that directly impacts consumers’ internet experience. 

Let’s break it down:

Definition: Net neutrality ensures that internet service providers (ISPs) treat all online content equally. Whether you’re streaming videos, browsing websites, or using social media, ISPs should not discriminate based on the type of content or its source.

Here’s what net neutrality means for consumers:

  • No Blocking: ISPs cannot block access to specific websites or services. Imagine if your ISP decided to prevent you from visiting a competitor’s site or a news outlet—it would limit your online freedom.
  • No Throttling:
    Throttling refers to intentionally slowing down internet speeds for certain content. Net neutrality prevents ISPs from throttling your connection based on the websites you visit or the services you use.
  • No Paid Prioritization: Without net neutrality, ISPs could strike deals with certain websites or services to prioritize their traffic. This means those who pay more get faster access, while others suffer slower speeds.
  • Fair Competition: Net neutrality ensures a level playing field. Small businesses, startups, and independent content creators can compete without facing discriminatory practices from ISPs.
  • Free Speech: An open internet allows everyone to express their views freely. Net neutrality safeguards this fundamental right by preventing ISPs from censoring or favoring specific content.

US Stance: The United States has seen debates between those favoring more government oversight (typically Democrats) and those aligning with providers (often Republicans). Advocates for net neutrality include digital rights groups, the ACLU, and even the inventor of the World Wide Web, who argue that an open market for broadband access fosters innovation and protects free speech1.

In summary, the FCC maintains net neutrality ensures that the internet remains an open, fair, and accessible space for all users, regardless of their location, background, or preferences. Critics contend Net Neutrality is mmore government interference.

FCC's Carr: Net Neutrality Means More Govt Control

People are now understanding that "net neutrality" is just "an Orwellian euphemism for more government control," said Federal Communications Commissioner Brendan Carr, a Republican.

Under the principle of net neutrality, internet service providers (ISPs) would enable access to all content and applications wouldn't favor or block any particular products or websites.

The Federal Communications Commission will vote to reinstate net neutrality rules on April 25 and assume new regulatory oversight of broadband internet that was rescinded under former President Donald Trump, FCC Chair Jessica Rosenworcel confirmed to Reuters.

"The pandemic made clear that broadband is an essential service, that every one of us — no matter who we are or where we live — needs it to have a fair shot at success in the digital age," she said.

Brendan Carr
Carr said there's nothing neutral about net neutrality.

"There's a portion of this decision that targets what we call 'zero rating,' which is if your cellphone provider can give you access to an application or a service and they don't charge you for it at all. Well, this decision — the draft document — targets that and puts it right in the crosshairs for prohibiting it," Carr said Thursday during an appearance on Newsmax's "Carl Higbie FRONTLINE."

"That's not going to be very neutral in terms of its impact on low-income consumers. Similarly, some people buy what we call data-limited plans. You buy 10 megabits or 20, because it happens to be more affordable than unlimited, all-you-can-eat plans. And the FCC says we're going to look at that, too. We think that might not be neutral to offer data-capped plans, which again could have a negative impact on consumers that are at the lower end of the price point," he added.

Reinstating the rules has been a priority for President Joe Biden, who signed a July 2021 executive order encouraging the FCC to reinstate net neutrality rules adopted under Democrat President Barack Obama. Because Democrats did not take majority control of the five-member FCC until October, they were stymied for almost three years.

When Trump was in office, the FCC contended that net neutrality rules were unnecessary, thwarted innovation, and caused a decline in network investment by ISPs, which Democrats disputed.

After 40-Years, Norby Williams Exits ESPN

Pat McAfee and Norby Wiliamson

Norby Williamson, a stalwart at ESPN, who was the network’s head of event and studio production, is no longer with the company after nearly 40 years. 

His departure comes after a series of events, including a public clash with Pat McAfee, the popular sports commentator on YouTube and ESPN2 host. Here are the key points:

  • Pat McAfee notably called out Williamson twice on-air in January, accusing him of trying to “sabotage” his show by leaking fake ratings numbers and even referring to him as a "rat".
  • While the McAfee contretemps isn’t the sole reason for Williamson’s exit, disagreements between him and Burke Magnus, who oversees content and news production, played a significant role.
  • Williamson, known for his exacting production style, focused on delivering the basics to ESPN viewers. However, the changing landscape of sports media demands more leeway for hosts to act less formally, especially as fans gravitate toward unvarnished presentations on platforms like YouTube and social media.

ESPN intends to search for a new senior content executive to fill Williamson’s role.

Norby Williamson leaves behind a legacy shaped by decades of dedication to ESPN, and his departure marks a significant moment in the network’s history.

Denver Radio: Pillar Media Closes On KJHM, KFCO

Pillar Media has made significant moves in the Denver radio landscape. They recently completed the acquisition of two FM outlets in the Denver Metro area from MaxMedia Radio and transformed them into Christian formats. 

Here are the details:

  • KJHM (Jammin’ 101.5) now joins Pillar’s Star format as “Star 101.5.” This station will continue to bring music and programming to Denver listeners, delivering hope and inspiration.
  • KFCO (Flo 107.1) has undergone a transformation, becoming “Kingdom 107.1.” This station introduces Christian Hip Hop to the Denver market, offering a fresh and faith-based perspective.

Both stations are now local sister channels to Pillar Media’s KPOF, which has been on the air in Denver since 1928. The addition of familiar faces and voices from the previous stations, including former Max Media air talents Tony Valdez (Tony V) and Senen Rodriguez (SLiM), adds to the excitement.

 Additionally, Sean Rhoads, previously the President and General Manager of Max Media Denver, brings decades of experience in Sales and Marketing to the Pillar Media team.

Pillar Media intends to spread the message of hope through these new FM stations.

Date Announced For Pat Sajak's Final Spin

Pat Sajak, the enduring host of the iconic game show ‘Wheel of Fortune’, is bidding farewell after an impressive four decades at the helm. His final episode is set to air on Friday, June 7, marking the culmination of Season 41 of the show.

Sajak’s journey has been nothing short of remarkable. From spinning the wheel to celebrating contestants, he has become a household name, synonymous with the thrill of guessing letters and solving puzzles. His departure opens a new chapter, and fans will undoubtedly cherish the memories he has created over the years.

Weeks after Sajak announced that he was stepping down from his position, it was announced that Ryan Seacrest would replace him as host.

"I'm truly humbled to be stepping into the footsteps of the legendary Pat Sajak," Seacrest, 48, wrote in a statement. "I can say, along with the rest of America, that it's been a privilege and pure joy to watch Pat and Vanna on our television screens for an unprecedented 40 years, making us smile every night and feel right at home with them."

Final FCC Rules Pending For Zonecasting

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has taken significant steps toward enabling geotargeting capabilities for FM radio stations in the United States. However, the final rules governing this technology are still pending. 

Let’s delve into the details:

Experimental Authorizations: The FCC has granted approval for FM radio stations to originate programming on boosters for a limited duration each hour. These “one-year, renewable experimental authorizations” allow the commission to closely monitor the technology’s rollout1. During this phase, licensees can convert existing boosters to originate programming, providing valuable insights.

Targeted Content: The new rules permit broadcasters to air targeted content distinct from the primary station’s signal. This opens up possibilities for localized programming and tailored experiences for listeners.

Notification Requirement: The FCC emphasizes the need to adopt a notification requirement for program-originating boosters. This ensures that the Media Bureau can track which stations use boosters for content origination and address any arising complaints1.

Application Processing: Rather than imposing filing windows specifically for program-originating booster stations, the FCC proposes to continue processing booster applications on a first-come, first-served basis. Existing application procedures will be utilized1.

Limitations and Open Standards: The FCC seeks input on several matters...

  1. Should full-service FM primary stations be restricted to a certain number of program-originating booster stations?
  2. Should GeoBroadcast Solutions (GBS), which offers ZoneCasting technology, make its system an open standard?
  3. Consideration of synchronization between primary stations and booster signals to reduce self-interference.
  4. Addressing non-technical concerns, including potential redlining by advertisers or licensees.
  5. Determining political advertising reporting requirements for boosters.

Interested parties can provide comments once the FCC’s Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (FNPRM) is published in the Federal Register. The National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) is expected to participate in shaping these rules.

Stay tuned as the FCC finalizes these regulations, ushering in a new era of geotargeted radio experiences.

Boston Radio: Non-Coms WBUR, WGBH Facing Financial Challenges

For years, public radio — set up as a public service outside the fluctuations of the commercial market — seemed insulated from the storm the internet unleashed on the news industry. However, when the pandemic hit and office workers stopped tuning in to NPR on their commutes to work, that shift accelerated a worrisome trend: a downturn in radio listeners, which preceded a decline in advertiser dollars. Now, Boston’s two public radio stations are confronting rising costs and the fact that their traditional business models have transformed — and won’t ever be the same.

Boston Globe Graphic
The Boston Globe reports the shifts have forced WBUR and GBH to try to find new audiences and spurred questions about whether the market can still sustain two NPR news stations — a rarity even in the nation’s largest cities. Both have recently announced serious financial challenges and warned that staff layoffs may be coming, with WBUR last week also offering employee buyouts. And it’s unclear whether listeners can make up WBUR’s sponsorship shortfall with donations, which have not grown fast enough in recent years.

WBUR, a longtime news outlet, is still the top news station in Boston. Traditionally, GBH was known for easing into its day with bird songs and playing jazz and classical music. But it shifted to news in December 2009, prompting questions of whether Boston could support both GBH and WBUR. By 2017, the debate seemed settled, with GBH quickly building an audience and rocketing to 10th among the nation’s NPR news stations, behind WBUR at number six. Both stations now air NPR programming such as “Morning Edition” and “All Things Considered,” each with their own local flair, along with original programming.

Victor Pickard, a University of Pennsylvania media policy professor, emphasizes the greater need for public broadcasting than ever before, especially as entire areas and sectors of our commercial news media system crumble before our eyes. Sustaining public media, with its mission to serve the public interest, remains vital for democracy.

The battle for listeners’ ears continues, and the future of public radio in Boston hangs in the balance. 

PA Radio: FCC Upholds Revocation of License For WQZS

Roger Wahl
The FCC has taken final decisive action regarding WQZS 93.3 FM in Somerset County, PA Here are the key details:

License Revocation: The FCC has upheld its earlier ruling to revoke the license of WQZS, a Class A FM station owned and operated by Roger Wahl 1. This revocation was effective as of April 4 1.

Background on Roger Wahl:

  • Convicted Felon: Roger Wahl, the station owner, is a convicted felon.
  • Criminal Charges: In July 2020, Wahl pleaded guilty to several crimes in Somerset County court, including taking nude photos of a woman inside her home using a hidden camera. He then used these pictures to solicit requests for sexual advances on her behalf via an online dating site.
  • Wahl pleaded guilty on July 8, 2020, to a felony charge of criminal use of a communications facility, and misdemeanor charges of reckless endangerment, unlawful dissemination of an intimate image, tampering with evidence and identity theft.
  • Wahl was sentenced on Nov. 17, 2020. He was placed on probation for three years, with four months of electronic monitoring. He was also forbidden from being on the air during the electronic monitoring.

FCC Investigation: The FCC initiated proceedings to revoke WQZS’s license due to Wahl’s criminal record.

Revocation Decision: In April 2023, the FCC officially revoked Wahl’s license after an order from Administrative Law Judge Jane Hinckley Halprin, who found that Wahl had waived his right to a hearing by not meeting hearing obligations.

Wahl’s Arguments: Wahl filed an application for review (AFR), citing poor health as the reason for missing deadlines during the proceedings. He also argued that his community advocacy and public service qualified him to remain a broadcast licensee.

FCC’s Decision: The FCC dismissed Wahl’s attempts to introduce new evidence. They analyzed factors such as the seriousness of his felony, lack of candor, and overall compliance record. Ultimately, they found the factors weighed heavily in favor of license revocation.

Sunday's CMT Music Awards To Honor The Late Toby Keith

CMT has set an all-star tribute to country legend Toby Keith featuring a stacked lineup of one-of-a-kind performances from Brooks & Dunn, Lainey Wilson and Sammy Hagar, all backed by Toby’s longtime band, with special appearances by Lukas Nelson and Roger Clemens, on the 2024 CMT MUSIC AWARDS, hosted by Kelsea Ballerini, LIVE from Austin, Texas’ Moody Center on Sunday, April 7 (8:00-11:00 PM ET/delayed PT) on the CBS Television Network and available to stream live and on demand on Paramount+.

With more than 40 million albums sold worldwide, the multi-talented legend most recently received a posthumous induction into the 2024 Country Music Hall of Fame. His chart-topping hits included 61 singles on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart, with 32 #1 hit songs and an additional 42 songs reaching the top 10. In 2021, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.

CMT and Toby’s longstanding show history includes celebrating 30 nominations with seven wins and 13 performances, including performances for 10 consecutive years, and many memorable moments on the CMT MUSIC AWARDS stage over the last two decades. He served as co-host twice, in 2012 with Kristen Bell and 2003 with Pamela Anderson for the then-named CMT FLAMEWORTHY VIDEO AWARDS, the year he was the most-awarded artist of the night, taking home three belt buckles, including Video of the Year for his video “Courtesy of the Red, White and Blue (The Angry American).”

A brand-new one-hour tribute special, CMT MUSIC AWARDS CELEBRATES TOBY KEITH (working title), will premiere next Thursday, April 11 (10:00-11:00 PM, ET/PT) on CMT, celebrating his most memorable show moments.

Radio History: April 6

 ➦In 1892...Lowell Jackson Thomas born (Died at age 89 – August 29, 1981).  He was a writer, actor, broadcaster, and traveler, best remembered for publicizing T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia). He was also involved in promoting the Cinerama widescreen system.

In 1930, he became a broadcaster with the CBS Radio network, delivering a nightly news and commentary program. After two years, he switched to the NBC Radio network but returned to CBS in 1947. In contrast to today's practices, Thomas was not an employee of either NBC News or CBS News. Prior to 1947, he was employed by the broadcast's sponsor Sunoco. He returned to CBS to take advantage of lower capital-gains tax rates, establishing an independent company to produce the broadcast which he sold to CBS. He hosted the first-ever television news broadcast in 1939 and the first regularly scheduled television news broadcast (even though it was just a camera simulcast of his radio broadcast) beginning on February 21, 1940 over local station W2XBS (now WNBC) New York. It is not known whether all or some of the radio/TV simulcasts were carried by the two other television stations capable of being fed programs by W2XBS at the time, which were W2XB (now WRGB) Schenectady and W3XE (now KYW-TV) Philadelphia.

In the summer of 1940, Thomas anchored the first live telecast of a political convention, the 1940 Republican National Convention which was fed from Philadelphia to W2XBS and on to W2XB. Reportedly, Thomas wasn't even in Philadelphia, instead anchoring the broadcast from a New York studio and merely identifying speakers who addressed the convention.

The television news simulcast was a short-lived venture for him, and he favored radio. Indeed, it was over radio that he presented and commented upon the news for four decades until his retirement in 1976, the longest radio career of anyone in his day (a record later surpassed by Paul Harvey). His signature sign-on was "Good evening, everybody" and his sign-off "So long, until tomorrow," phrases that he would use in titling his two volumes of memoirs.

➦In 1931...Little Orphan Annie debuted on the NBC Radio Network.  Annie was based on the daily American comic strip created by Harold Gray and syndicated by the Tribune Media Services. The strip took its name from the 1885 poem "Little Orphant Annie" by James Whitcomb Riley, and made its debut on August 5, 1924, in the New York Daily News.

The plot follows the wide-ranging adventures of Annie, her dog Sandy and her benefactor Oliver "Daddy" Warbucks. Secondary characters include Punjab, the Asp and Mr. Am. The strip attracted adult readers with political commentary that targeted (among other things) organized labor, the New Deal and communism.

The strip's popularity declined over the years; it was running in only 20 newspapers when it was cancelled on June 13, 2010.

➦In 1945...'This is Your FBI' debuted on ABC radio as a weekly 30-minute police drama. Frank Lovejoy served as narrator over the following eight years.

➦In 1984...One of the most influential Top 40 stations in the world in the 1960s and 1970s Windsor’s iconic rock radio station CKLW (The Big 8 ) switched format to Adult Standards, branding as ‘The Music of Your Life.’

Friday, April 5, 2024

R.I.P.: Randy Kabrich, Influential Radio Programmer and Researcher

Randy Kabrich, the former CHR programmer and researcher Randy Kabrich ,who became a key player at Cox Radio in the1990s, has died in mid-March from a heart attack. He was 68.

Kabrich made significant contributions throughout his career. Let’s explore his journey:

Early Career and Programming: Randy Kabrich began as a CHR (Contemporary Hit Radio) programmer, leaving his mark in various cities. He programmed CHRs in Tampa and Washington before opening his own consultancy. His programming expertise extended to stations like WAVA (105.1) in Washington, DC, where he served as Program Director (PD). Kabrich’s commitment to creating a family-friendly radio environment led to his resignation from WROQ-AM/FM in Charlotte, NC, over a dispute about airing controversial Planned Parenthood spots.

Top 40 Powerhouse: Kabrich later took the helm at Q105 WRBQ Tampa, a CHR powerhouse under Edens Broadcasting. His influence reached beyond programming, as he consulted for Pirate Radio KQLZ in Los Angeles, an influential rock-leaning top 40 station.

Research and Advocacy: Kabrich was not only a programmer but also a research expert. He shared insights on topics like the controversial Voltair audio processor and measurement challenges at Nielsen. When Arbitron introduced the Portable People Meter (PPM), Kabrich became an unofficial watchdog, scrutinizing its implementation.

Legacy: Randy Kabrich’s legacy lives on, and his contributions continue to shape the radio landscape. His passing is a loss to the industry, but his influence remains.

R.I.P.: Ron Brewer, Longtime SoFlorida Personality

Ron Brewer (1956-2024)

Ron Brewer, one half of the legendary South Florida “Paul & Young Ron” morning radio duo, has died. He was 68.

Brewer, known as “Young Ron” was formally a host on the popular Big 105.9′s show since 1990 and had over 40 years of broadcasting experience.

In a post on X Thursday, his former radio partner Paul Castronovo spoke with Local 10 News on Thursday afternoon to reflect on the life of his longtime co-host.

“At first it was shock and then the memories were flooding back,” he said. “I go back to the beginning when we first met, and I was like who is this stiff, and then I realized he was the complete opposite of me. That’s where the magic came from. We had a real dance.”

The Paul & Young Ron Show first debuted on WSHE back in 1990, moving around the dial until ending up at Big 105.9 until it eventually ended when Brewer retired in 2016.

Castronovo continues to host mornings at Big 105.9 and confirmed he will dedicate his morning show on Friday to his former partner.

Brewer’s cause of death is unknown at this time.

Greg Gutfeld Signs Multi-Year Contract Extension

FOX News Media and Greg Gutfeld have agreed to a multi-year contract extension where he will continue as host of FOX News Channel’s (FNC) late-night sensation Gutfeld! and co-host of The Five, announced FOX News Media CEO Suzanne Scott. Gutfeld will also host/produce FOX Nation programming from time to time.

In making the announcement, Scott said, “Greg is a true original whose trademark political and cultural commentary, humor and gifted writing has deeply connected and grown with our audience for more than 17 years. Upon launching Gutfeld! three years ago, he rapidly disrupted the status quo to become the most-watched host in the genre with more viewers tuning in to his show than any other late-night program on television. We are proud to be the home of Greg, his unparalleled analysis and late-night’s highest-rated program for many years to come.”

Gutfeld added, “Since joining the network in 2007, FOX News has given me the freedom to be unabashedly myself and, in turn, deliver a distinct experience for our audience. There aren’t many platforms that allow this type of creative independence and I’m proud to be a part of Suzanne’s team.”

Gutfeld!, which celebrates its third anniversary this Friday, includes regular panelists George “Tyrus” Murdoch and Kat Timpf offering their no-holds-barred takes on the news of the day accompanied by skits and analysis with a satirical twist from 10-11PM/ET every weeknight. The hit program draws the largest audience in late-night television in viewers with 2.2 million viewers and 304,000 in the 25-54 demo, topping CBS’ The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, NBC’s The Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon & Late Night with Seth Meyers, ABC’s Jimmy Kimmel Live! and Comedy Central’s recently relaunched The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Gutfeld! also beats Kimmel, Meyers, and Stewart in the 25-54 and 18-49 demos. Additionally, for the first quarter of 2024, Gutfeld! was the highest-rated program in the 25-54 demo in cable news for the first time in the program’s history.

Nielsen Revamps Top Markets Ranker

Nielsen has re-arranged its Top 50 radio metros markets based on population changes. Let’s explore some of the notable shifts:

  • Dallas-Ft. Worth: With a population of 6,862,600, Dallas-Ft. Worth surged ahead, adding over 200,000 residents. It now claims the No. 4 spot in Nielsen’s market rankings. San Francisco, which lost 50,000 people, slipped to No. 5.
  • Miami and Seattle: Miami, another growth market, moved from No. 12 to No. 11, trading places with Seattle. Interestingly, only 100 people separate these two markets.

Radios, Smart Speakers Provide Access to Audio Daily

Edison Research, with support from Audacy, Cumulus Media, and SiriusXM Media, released a new edition of the Infinite Dial, exploring all facets of the audio landscape. Much has already been said about the new streaming audio and podcast findings, but the state of consumers' evolving audio appetites reveals some meaningful insights for AM/FM radio as well.


The Infinite Dial affirms radio's dominance in the evolving in-car media environment, reporting 70% reach among car users. Radio's in-car audience is +27% higher than its nearest competitor, online audio - which includes AM/FM content under its umbrella, alongside pureplays and other audio services. Radio's reach in the car is also more than twice the size of podcasts' and 3x larger than SiriusXM's. 


Over-the-air radio still dominates overall AM/FM listening, thanks in large part to the automobile, but smart speakers are providing consumers with more ways to connect with their favorite local AM/FM stations at home and work. An estimated 98 million consumers, just over one-third of the U.S. population over 12, now own a smart speaker. Nearly twice as many have a radio in their household. 3 in 4 own either audio device. Between the two devices, 74% of Americans have access to AM/FM content in their home. And for the quarter of people who don't have either device - AM/FM streaming is available on the ubiquitous smartphone, owned by 9 out of 10 Americans.

Cleveland Radio: Alyssa Rose Joins WQAL Mornings

Audacy welcomes Alyssa Rose as morning show co-host on Q104 (WQAL-FM) in Cleveland. Rose will join Bill Ryan on the “Q Morning Show” and be heard weekdays from 5:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. ET beginning May 1.

Alyssa Rose
“Alyssa has proven to be a valuable asset to Audacy. Her vibrant energy and wealth of experience make her the perfect addition to our lineup,” said Tom Herschel, Senior Vice President and Market Manager, Audacy Cleveland. “Her history working with Bill will foster comfortable and compelling on-air chemistry, allowing the duo to deliver engaging content to our listeners each morning.”

“I’m beyond thrilled to join Audacy’s incredible team in Cleveland! Being a part of the ‘Q Morning Show’ with Bill Ryan, in my hometown nonetheless, is an absolute dream come true,” said Rose. “I'm looking forward to waking up ‘The Land’ every weekday.”

Rose previously hosted middays on Audacy’s ALT 94.9 (KBZT-FM) in San Diego and weekends on 105.5 Triple M (WMMM-FM) in Madison. She also previously hosted a podcast with Ryan, and she first began her radio career at WDJQ in Canton, OH.

📻Listeners can tune in to Q104 (WQAL-FM) in Cleveland on air and nationwide on the Audacy app and website. Fans can also connect with the station via X, Facebook and Instagram.

Westwood One Sports Airs Final Four Coverage

Cumulus Media’s Westwood One, the largest radio network in the U.S. and the exclusive national audio broadcast partner of the NCAA, will present comprehensive live audio coverage of the 2024 NCAA Men’s Final Four and national championship game live from Phoenix in both English and Spanish. The network will also broadcast the Women’s Final Four and national championship game live from Cleveland.

🏀Westwood One’s coverage of the Men’s Final Four will begin at 3:00 p.m. ET on Saturday, April 6 with “The Final Four Show” followed by the game broadcast at 4:00 p.m. ET. The first national semifinal, between the (11) NC State Wolfpack and the (1) Purdue Boilermakers will tip off at 6:09 p.m. ET. The second national semifinal, between the (4) Alabama Crimson Tide and the defending champion (1) UConn Huskies, will begin 40 minutes after the conclusion of the first game. On Monday, April 8 audio coverage will commence at 6:30 p.m. ET with the “Championship Monday” pregame show followed by game coverage at 7:30 p.m. ET. The men’s national championship game will tip off at 9:20 p.m. ET.

Westwood One will also broadcast all three men’s games in Spanish, presented by Werner Ladder. Spanish-language coverage of the Final Four commences at 6 p.m. ET on Saturday, April 6 and at 9 p.m. ET on Monday, April 8 for the national championship game.

🏀Westwood One will also provide complete play-by-play coverage of the Women's Final Four® on Friday, April 5 beginning at 6:30 p.m. ET when the (3) NC State Wolfpack take on the (1) South Carolina Gamecocks. Immediately following, the network will air the second national semifinal, between the (3) UConn Huskies and the (1) Iowa Hawkeyes. Coverage of the women’s national championship game on Sunday, April 7 at 2:30 p.m. ET. Westwood One’s broadcasts of all three women’s games will be presented by Intuit TurboTax.

Fired CBS Journalist To Testify Next Week

Catherine Herridge, the acclaimed investigative journalist and former CBS News correspondent, is set to break her silence before the House Judiciary Committee. 

She will testify next week regarding the still-murky circumstances surrounding her exit from CBS News1. The potentially explosive hearing, titled “Fighting for a Free Press: Protecting Journalists and their Sources,” will take place at 9:30 a.m. on April 11. 

Alongside Herridge, Mary Cavallaro, SAG-AFTRA’s chief news and broadcast officer, will discuss the union’s negotiations with CBS to return Herridge’s confidential materials after her termination. 

Additionally, former CBS News reporter Sharyl Attkisson will testify about claims that CBS killed stories critical of then-President Barack Obama. 

The House Judiciary Committee Chair, Jim Jordan (R-Ohio), demanded CBS provide information about the file seizure by March 1. While CBS insisted the episode was not unusual, questions remain about why they held Herridge’s files. Herridge’s testimony comes amidst her ongoing First Amendment case, closely watched by journalists nationwide.

Audacy Confirms Rebranding Coming For CBS Sports Radio

Media Confidential has confirmed CBS Sports Radio is indeed getting new name.

Starting on Monday, April 15th, it will be rebranded as the Infinity Sports Network. While the name changes, rest assured that there will be no alterations to the network’s distribution, talent, content, or programming clocks. 

Affiliate Stations have been notified they must cease using the CBS Sports Radio name/brand on-air, online, on social media, and in any sales materials. An updated logo and network website address are expected soon.

This transformation reflects the network’s commitment to delivering sports content while adapting to changing dynamics. The Infinity Sports Network aims to continue providing quality programming to its audience.

Milwaukee Radio: WTMJ Moves Brian Noon To Afternoons

Kristin Brey and Brian Noonan

Brian Noonan, the longtime host of ‘WTMJ at Night’ (formerly ‘WTMJ Nights’) is joining Kristin Brey as the permanent co-host on ‘Spanning the State‘ every weekday from 1 to 3 p.m. CST.

Noonan, an experienced radio host with experience spanning nearly a decade and a half in the Chicago area, first joined the 620 WTMJ team for a brief stint in 2015 before returning as permanent host of ‘WTMJ Nights’ from 2019 to 2022. Since joining the team, he’s been a consistent voice across the 620 WTMJ brand as a fill-in, guest co-host, or a staple of 620’s nighttime programming.

“Brian is a trusted radio veteran with almost two decades of experience under his belt. His unique ability to blend news and entertainment brings both fun and a sense of reverence to the station,” Michael Spaulding, 620 WTMJ’s Assistant Program Director said. “During his time at WTMJ, Brian has taken every challenge thrown at him and excelled. He steps in when needed, adds value to every show he fills in on, and lives the WTMJ and GKB brands. His addition to Spanning the State alongside Kristin Brey just made sense.”

That same sentiment is shared by Brey, who re-joined the 620 WTMJ team earlier this year to launch ‘Spanning the State’ — an innovative early-afternoon program covering news topics relevant to communities across Wisconsin with a critical eye while still leaving room for fun and entertainment.

“When we decided to launch ‘Spanning the State’ without a permanent co-host, I remember thinking that I would rather do the work of two people and hold out for the right person. A week after we premiered, Brian filled in as my co-host, and the chemistry was undeniable from the moment we turned our mics on,” Brey stated. “His experience, warmth, humor, and curiosity will take this show to the next level as we create something unique that appeals to people across Wisconsin.”

More TikTok Users Are Using The Platform As News Source

About four-in-ten U.S. TikTok users (43%) say they regularly get news there. While news consumption on other social media sites has declined or remained stagnant in recent years, the share of U.S. TikTok users who get news on the site has doubled since 2020, when 22% got news there.

TikTok news consumers are especially likely to be:
  • Young. The vast majority of U.S. adults who regularly get news on TikTok are under 50: 44% are ages 18 to 29 and 38% are 30 to 49. Just 4% of TikTok news consumers are ages 65 and older.
  • Women. A majority of regular TikTok news consumers in the U.S. are women (58%), while 39% are men. These gender differences are similar to those among news consumers on Instagram and Facebook.
  • Democrats. Six-in-ten regular news consumers on TikTok are Democrats or Democratic-leaning independents, while a third are Republicans or GOP leaners.
  • Hispanic or Black. Three-in-ten regular TikTok news users in the U.S. are Hispanic, while 19% are Black. Both shares are higher than these groups’ share of the adult population. Around four-in-ten (39%) TikTok news consumers are White, although this group makes up 59% of U.S. adults overall.

Atlanta's CNN Center Is No More

The owners of downtown Atlanta’s CNN Center announced Thursday the landmark office building is getting a new name after its former namesake vacated its longtime corporate home.

The longtime home of the country’s first 24-hour news network will lose CNN from its name and become “The Center,” the building’s owner CP Group said in a news release. The decision comes a month after the iconic red-and-white 5,000-pound aluminum CNN logo was removed from the sidewalk spot outside the complex.

The CNN Center, once a bustling hub of news production and broadcasting, has met its end. This iconic building, located in Atlanta, served as the headquarters for Cable News Network (CNN) for several decades. Its corridors echoed with the footsteps of journalists, editors, and camera crews, all working tirelessly to bring breaking news to viewers around the world.

The CNN Center was more than just a physical structure; it was a symbol of journalistic integrity, innovation, and the power of media. From its studios, anchors delivered live reports, interviews, and analysis on global events. The familiar red logo adorned its facade, signifying a commitment to truth-seeking and storytelling.

However, as the media landscape evolved, so did the way news is produced and consumed. The rise of digital platforms, remote reporting, and decentralized newsrooms shifted the dynamics. The pandemic further accelerated these changes, prompting organizations to reevaluate their physical spaces and adapt to new realities.

And so, the CNN Center now stands silent, its newsrooms emptied, its screens darkened. But the spirit of journalism lives on, transcending brick and mortar. As news continues to unfold, the legacy of the CNN Center remains etched in the annals of media history.

4/5 WAKE-UP CALL: Biden...U-S Support Hinges on Protecting Civilians

President Biden called for an immediate cease-fire in Gaza during a phone conversation with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Biden also urged Israel to take immediate steps “to address civilian harm, humanitarian suffering, and the safety of aid workers” and indicated that the U.S.’s assessment of Israel’s actions will determine Washington’s policy on Gaza, according to the White House. Israel didn’t immediately comment. The call came days after seven aid workers from José Andrés’ World Central Kitchen were killed. 

The Israel Defense Forces on Friday released the results of an investigation into a missile strike that killed several World Central Kitchen aid workers in the Gaza Strip. IDF investigators said the incident "should not have occurred" and that the authorities who approved the strike were mistakenly convinced they were targeting Hamas operatives. Two officers, a brigade fire support commander and brigade chief of staff, will be dismissed from their positions.  "The strike on the aid vehicles is a grave mistake stemming from a serious failure due to a mistaken identification, errors in decision-making, and an attack contrary to the Standard Operating Procedures," the IDF said. 

Separately, Israel scrambled GPS signals as it braces for a possible retaliation by Iran or one of its allied militias—a reprisal for a suspected Israeli airstrike in Syria that killed a senior Iranian general and six other military officials.

➤ISRAEL BRACES FOR IRAN ATTACK:  Israel braced on Thursday for the possibility of a retaliatory attack after its suspected killing of Iranian generals in Damascus this week, and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the country would harm "whoever harms us or plans to harm us." His comments came after Israel's armed forces - stretched by nearly six months of war in the Gaza Strip and on the Lebanese front - announced they were suspending leave for all combat units, a day after they said they were mobilizing more troops for air defense units. The possibility of Iran retaliating for Monday's presumed Israeli air strike on Iran's embassy compound in Damascus has raised the specter of a wider war, though two Iranian sources said Tehran's response would be calibrated to avoid escalation. "For years, Iran has been acting against us both directly and via its proxies; therefore, Israel is acting against Iran and its proxies, defensively and offensively," Netanyahu said at the start of a security cabinet meeting late on Thursday.

➤JUDGE REJECTS TRUMP'S FIRST AMENDMENT SHIELD:  The Georgia judge in Donald Trump’s election interference case on Thursday rejected his argument that the First Amendment shielded him from racketeering charges because his unfounded claims of widespread election fraud were political speech. Trump’s lawyer, Steve Sadow, argued the charges should be dismissed because Trump was speaking about politics as president. Sadow argued that even if Trump made false statements as alleged in the indictment, he must be protected for a robust political debate. But Fulton County Superior Judge Scott McAfee ruled that the First Amendment doesn’t protect speech that is part of a crime – and that a jury must decide whether it was in Trump’s case. “The allegations that the Defendants’ speech or conduct was carried out with criminal intent are something only a jury can resolve,” McAfee wrote.

➤STOCKS TUMBLE:  Major U.S. stock indexes fell sharply after Fed officials suggested interest-rate cuts might not be imminent. The S&P 500 dropped 1.2%; both the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite pulled back 1.4%. Meanwhile, the detection of avian influenza in dairy cows has spooked cattle markets on fears it will hurt consumer demand for beef or restrict exports, analysts say. Speaking of beef, a grocery list of common items that cost $100 in 2019 would today set you back 36.5% more, a WSJ analysis of NielsenIQ data found.

➤SPOTIFY STOCK SURGES: Spotify is planning another subscription price hike, according to a Bloomberg News report that cites people familiar with the matter. Bloomberg says the streaming service plans to raise prices by about $1 to $2 per month by the end of April in five markets, including the United Kingdom, Australia and Pakistan, with a U.S. price hike set to follow "later this year." This would be the second U.S. price hike within the past year for Spotify, which raised the monthly rate for its individual Premium plan from $9.99 to $10.99 in July.

➤RETURN SCAMS PLAGUE AMAZON SELLERS: A surge in scam returns is plaguing Amazon sellers. People regularly ship junk back to merchants (example: used soap bars) and claim they are returns, often with little to no penalty, according to sellers who say Amazon’s policies favor customers. It’s just one sore point in what has often become a contentious relationship. An ongoing FTC lawsuit against Amazon deals in part with how the company treats its sellers, and Amazon faces new competition for its merchants from other e-commerce firms. The company said that it had no tolerance for fraudulent returns and invests significantly in fraud detection and prevention.