Saturday, May 28, 2022

May 28 Radio History

➦In 1957....The National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS) is established, leading to the creation of the annual Grammy Awards.

➦In 1958….Top40 1010WINS pranked rival  WMGM 1050 AM with a Charles DeGaulle phone call..

Before the era of radio shock jocks and tv prank-yankers, there was the infamous Charles de Gaulle Hoax of 1958, when DeGaulle was President of France.

It was the first truly great prank call in the history of radio--a doozy of a sting. Broadcast live throughout the Northeast, the faux phone call left one station supremely humiliated, leaving the other--the perpetrator of this mad hoax--basking in smug glory.

According to an aerticle Ken Brooks which appeared in Plus! magazine, in the spring of 1958, New York City radio stations were waging a fierce war for listeners. The combination of rock-and-roll and the transistor radio had made Elvis the King, and AM radio stations--at least those with their ears to the asphalt--were hastily switching formats.

One of the first stations to make the switch--in 1956, in fact--was WINS. By 1958, WINS had assembled a legendary line-up of disc jockeys that including Alan Freed, the former Cleveland jock credited with coining the term "rock and roll."

WINS's large news department was impressive as well; indeed, station call letters stood for International News Service, a division of the powerful Hearst Corporation.

Struggling in the shadow of WINS was low-rated WMGM. The station had once been the proud home of Brooklyn Dodger broadcasts, but the team was gone now, transplanted to Los Angeles that very spring. WMGM's tepid music format combined a bit of rock with easy-listening.

The station was not exactly a strong news-gathering force, either. Without a large news staff, WMGM execs outfitted an old panel truck and assigned two reporters to cruise the streets looking for "scoops." The reporters were dubbed the Minute Men; presumably they would be on the scene of a breaking story in a matter of minutes.

Headlines on the morning of Tuesday, May 28, 1958, concerned big news overseas: The imminent collapse of the French government, and the possibility that Gen. Charles De Gaulle--the popular World War II hero--would seize control of the republic.In the WMGM newsroom, executives decided on a bold move that would prove to New Yorkers that WMGM could be taken seriously as a news-gathering operation.

At 10:30 am, newscaster Bill Edmunds interrupted with this announcement: 

"French President Coty is conferring with political leaders after receiving the resignation of Premier Pflimlin. A new government may be created today with General de Gaulle at the helm. WMGM has a call in, long-distance, overseas to General De Gaulle to bring you a direct interview...As soon as that call is completed, we'll put that call right on the air."

Monitoring rival stations' broadcasts is standard practice in the radio business. WMGM's plan to call de Gaulle caused no panic in the WINS newsroom, where it was seen as a desperate act on the part of WMGM. The idea that General de Gaulle would actually return a call to a local New York City radio station was outlandish.


At noon the phone rang at WMGM studios. On the line was an overseas operator--or so she claimed. "Your trans- atlantic call is ready, sir," she said.

Bill Edmunds hustled to a mic."General? General de Gaulle?"

"Yas?" The response sounded static-y and far-away.

"General de Gaulle, this is WMGM in New York City." One could feel the adrenaline in Edmund's voice; they gave out awards for scoops like this. "I would like to know if you would care to make a statement to the American people at this time."

"Yas, I certainly would," said de Gaulle in a heavily French-accented English. "Are we on zee air now?" he asked.

"No sir, we are making a tape to play later, throughout the day and on our newscasts," Edmunds said.

"Well..." There was a pause as the General mulled this over. "No," he said finally, "I would not like to be recorded, as I have not yet granted the French press any of thees informay-shee-own. But I will agree to be broadcast."

"Will you hold, please, and we'll put you directly on the air? Can you do that?" Edmunds was practically begging.

"Yas, but make it very fast as I must go to ze Na-shee-a-nal Assem-blee."

"Just as soon as they give me the go-ahead, General..." In the thirteen seconds of dead-air that followed--an eternity in radio-time--one could hear the engineers scrambling to punch the right buttons.

Then, live, in stentorian tones, Edmunds announced: "I am on the phone with General Charles De Gaulle in France. General de Gaulle, would you care to make a statement about the crisis in France?"

"Thank you Mr. Edmunds," the General began. "I would like to make clear that when I assume pow-air I weel not do so by any dictatorial means. I am too much of an old soldier...and I weel give to the pee-pull of France the government they should have had ever since the war."

Edmunds wasn't about to let the General go just yet. A few more questions. Then de Gaulle broke in: "...Monseuir, can you tell me again whom I am speaking to?"

"Bill Edmunds, General. I'm one of the WMGM Minute Men." Surprisingly, de Gaulle sounded not the least bit impressed.

"WMGM?" the General repeated. "Why, everybody knows the best radio station in New York is WINS." Then he screamed: "Viva la France!"

In the second-and-a-half before the line went dead, in the background, one could hear the unmistakable sounds of hysterical laughter.

Poor Bill Edmunds: Totally nonplussed, unsure what had transpired, unwilling to let go of that award he'd surely have received.

Here's what he said next: "Uh...ladies and gentlemen...we've, uh, been talking to, uh..."--Edmunds drew a blank..."General Charles de Gaulle!"

Mercifully, someone at the studio had the presence to kill Edmunds' mike.

By the time New York's afternoon newspapers hit the streets, the incident was front page news. The World-Telegram headline read: "WHO HAD DE GALL TO CALL WMGM?"

"Switchboards at WMGM and WINS were as hot as the French crisis today," the paper declared, " and General Charles de Gaulle was at least partially responsible..." Executives at WMGM, the paper reported, are demanding an immediate investigation by the Federal Communications Commission.

When asked by the World-Telegram for comment, WINS general manager Herb Fearnhead responded blankly, "I don't know a thing about it." Not that WINS was adverse to rubbing it in: The rest of Tuesday afternoon their announcers broadcast the time in French.

Then, on Wednesday morning, a final insult. A telegram arrived at WMGM. Sent from Paris, it read: "I was cut off. What happened? --Charles de Gaulle."

Twenty-six years would pass before anyone fessed up. That's when an assistant program director for WINS admitted that the entire episode, complete with pre-recorded "transatlantic static," was the brainchild of WINS news director Tom O'Brien. And it was O'Brien's fiancee--a stewardess for British Overseas Airlines, stationed in Paris--who authored the bogus telegram.

➦In 1962…"Wide World of Sports with Chris Schenkel" debuted on the CBS Radio Network.

➦In 1998…actor/comedian, Phil Hartman, was shot to death while asleep by his wife. He was 49. Hartman starred in the TV sitcom, "NewsRadio".

➦In 2017...sportswriter Frank Deford, longtime sports commentator/philosopher on NPR’s Morning Edition, died at age 78.  Beginning in 1980 he did 1,656 commentaries for the public radio network.

➦In 2017...Radio personality & news anchor Ken Ackerman of KCBS Radio San Francisco for parts of 5 decades, died at age 95.  From 1958-70 he hosted American Airlines’ Music til Dawn.

Kylie Minogue is 54


  • Actor Carroll Baker is 91. 
  • Singer Gladys Knight is 78. 
  • Singer Billy Vera is 78. 
  • Singer John Fogerty is 77. 
  • Musician Jerry Douglas of Alison Krauss and Union Station is 66. 
  • Actor Louis Mustillo (“Mike and Molly”) is 64. 
  • Actor Brandon Cruz (“The Courtship of Eddie’s Father”) is 60. 
  • Actor Christa Miller (“Scrubs,” ″The Drew Carey Show”) is 58. 
  • Country singer Phil Vassar is 58. 
  • Singer Chris Ballew of Presidents of the United States of America is 57. 
  • Singer Kylie Minogue is 54. 
  • Rapper Chubb Rock is 54. 
  • Actor Justin Kirk (“Weeds”) is 53. 
  • Talk show host Elisabeth Hasselbeck (“Fox and Friends,” ″The View”) is 45. 
  • R&B singer Jaheim is 45. 
  • Actor Jake Johnson (“New Girl”) is 44. 
  • Actor Monica Keena (“Dawson’s Creek,” ″Undeclared”) is 43. 
  • Actor Alexa Davalos (“Clash of the Titans” ″The Chronicles of Riddick”) is 40. 
  • Actor Megalyn Echikunwoke (“24”) is 40. 
  • Singer Colbie Caillat is 37. 
  • Actor Carey Mulligan (“The Great Gatsby”) is 37.

Friday, May 27, 2022

Most Artists Step Away From NRA Concert

Country artist Lee Greenwood and other musicians have backed out of a scheduled concert at the National Rifle Association’s convention in Houston, citing the school shooting in Uvalde, Texas, reports The NY Post.

Greenwood, in a statement, said after “thoughtful consideration” his band decided to cancel its appearance for Saturday’s event.

“As a father, I join the rest of America in being absolutely heartbroken by the horrific event that transpired this week in Texas,” he said in a statement, according to Variety.

Greenwood, known for his hit “God Bless the USA,” pulled out after “American Pie” singer Don McLean backed out of the concert.

Other musicians on Thursday also said they wouldn’t show up at the event dubbed The Grand Ole Night of Freedom, including country singers Larry Gatlin and Larry Stewart, according to USA Today. Both cited the tragedy in Uvalde, where an 18-year-old gunman killed 19 children and two teachers.

Gatlin, in his statement, criticized the gun lobby organization for not supporting background checks.

“While I agree with most of the positions held by the NRA I have come to believe that, while background checks would not stop every madman with a gun, it is at the very least a step in the right direction toward trying to prevent the kind of tragedy we saw this week in Uvalde,” Gatlin told USA Today.

“My prayers and thoughts go to all who are suffering, and I pray that the NRA will rethink some of its outdated and ill-thought-out positions regarding firearms in America. I’m a 2nd Amendment guy, but the 2nd Amendment should not apply to everyone. It’s that simple.”

Country artist Danielle Peck also won’t perform out of respect for the families. The singer T. Graham Brown also will not perform, according to Variety.

On Wednesday, the NRA offered its “deepest sympathies” over the mass shooting.

Tucson Radio: KHYT-FM Promotes Two To Mornings

Cumulus Media announces that Cumulus Tucson’s Classic Hits radio station K-Hit 107.5/KHYT-FM will launch its new morning show, “Dakota & Andy,” on Tuesday, May 31st. 

The program will be hosted by veteran on-air personalities Dakota and Andy Taylor and will air Monday through Friday from 5:00am-10:00am. The dynamic duo will step into the morning show slot previously held by K-Hit 107.5 morning host Tim Tyler, who announced his retirement from radio earlier this month and signs off today after a successful 51-year career.

Andy Taylor heads to K-Hit Mornings from Afternoons on the station. Before becoming a favorite of Tucson afternoon radio listeners Taylor was heard for nearly a decade in Palm Springs, CA, as co-host of the “Barry and Andy Morning Show” on KPSI-FM, before moving the show to Tucson from 2000-2007. Since then, Taylor has been heard on Tucson News/Talk station KNST AM 790 and as Morning Host on Tucson’s KGVY 1080. A 30-year radio veteran, Taylor has also produced his own technology show since 1996 and is the Tech Expert for KMSB Fox 11 with weekly segments on the latest in technology.

Dakota moves to Mornings on K-Hit 107.5 from Nights and Saturday afternoons on the station. A 25-year radio veteran, Dakota has been heard on stations in markets including Los Angeles, Ventura, Bakersfield, and Santa Barbara, CA, as well as Tucson. A former teacher and video editor, Dakota holds a Master’s degree in Digital Journalism from National University.

Herb Crowe, Operations Manager/Program Director, KHYT-FM, said: “While all of us at K-Hit are happy for Tim Tyler as he starts a new chapter of his life, we’re also incredibly excited about the opportunity to expand and develop the talents of Dakota and Andy in their new morning show roles. They are both extremely familiar with the Tucson market and bring a wealth of experience and creativity to morning drive.”

Dakota commented: “I am thrilled, ecstatic, over the moon and still a bit in shock about being given the honor to create a morning show with Andy Taylor. I am looking forward to a whole world of possibilities as well as the new friendships and partnerships Andy and I will be making. Through all of life's ups and downs, radio has always been my one true love.”

Andy Taylor added: “I’m really excited for the opportunity to shake K-Hit 107.5 listeners out of bed with great morning radio. Together, Dakota and I will help get rid of the sleepies!”

More Joe Rogan Episodes Go Missing

The automated tracking tool JRE Missing cataloged the missing episodes on May 25, reports Digital Music News.

Dozens of episodes were removed for seemingly no reason, as the guests didn’t follow a specific pattern. A Spotify spokesperson reached out to the Los Angeles Times to say the removal is a technical issue. By Thursday morning, the removed Joe Rogan episodes were once again available on Spotify.

36 newly removed episodes were picked up as temporarily unavailable by JRE Missing. All of those episodes were recorded before Rogan’s exclusivity deal with Spotify, which is rumored to be worth $200 million.

Removed episodes included interviews with politicians like Texas Rep. Dan Crenshaw and former Hawaii Rep. Tulsi Gabbard. Musicians like Post Malone, RZA, and Everlast also saw their episodes disappear. Comedians like Bryan Callen, Legion of Skanks, and Eddie Izzard were also included in the temporary removal.

Both Spotify and Joe Rogan maintain that Rogan has full creative control over his podcast. But since signing his exclusivity contract, Spotify has removed more than 100 older episodes of the Joe Rogan Experience from its streaming platform. During the deal, several interviews with far right personalities like Alex Jones were subject to removal. But in February 2022, a tranche of 70 episodes were removed from the streaming service.

Spotify removed those episodes as part of a backlash to comments Rogan made about COVID-19 vaccines and his previous use of the n-word. 

NYC Radio: WFAN, WCBS-AM To Air Rutgers Sports

Audacy and Rutgers Athletics have reached a multi-year agreement to make WFAN 101.9 FM / 660 AM the home for Rutgers football and WCBS 880 the flagship station for Rutgers men’s basketball.

“Rutgers athletics is on the rise under Greg Schiano and Steve Pikiell in the Big Ten, bringing excitement and anticipation to Tri-State area fans,” said Chris Oliviero, Market President, Audacy New York. “WFAN and WCBS 880 will provide listeners with unmatched coverage of the Scarlet Knights and we are honored to add Rutgers to Audacy's market-leading play-by-play portfolio.”

“We are excited to announce this partnership with Audacy,” said Pat Hobbs, Athletic Director, Rutgers. “Having our teams on WFAN and WCBS 880 is a great opportunity to expand our reach to sports fans in the New York metropolitan area. Our programs are having tremendous success across the board, and this allows for so many more fans to enjoy the excitement and join Rutgers Nation.”

Beginning with the 2022-23 season, WFAN will broadcast all regular games and postseason football games, including a 30-minute pregame and postgame show. Also beginning this season, WCBS 880 will air all regular season and postseason men’s basketball games, including a 15-minute pregame and postgame show. Both Rutgers football and men’s basketball broadcasts will also be available on the Audacy app in the local market territory. Both stations will also support the partnership and on-campus events through on-air, digital and social media promotion.

Wake-Up Call: Gunman Met No Resistance

Questions continued to swirl Thursday about exactly what happened two days earlier in the 90 minutes between when 18-year-old Salvador Ramos crashed his truck outside Robb Elementary School in Ulvalde, Texas, and when he was fatally shot by a Border Patrol agent after he'd killed 19 children and two teachers. Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) Regional Director Victor Eschalon said yesterday that Salvador Ramos wasn't confronted by police before he entered the school, contradicting earlier comments from officials that a school resource officer had "engaged with him," and raising more questions about the police response and how long it took for them to go in after the gunman. Escalon said, "He walked in unobstructed initially."

NY Post 5/27/22
Escalon said that after crashing the truck, Ramos got out and shot at two people across the street. He then approached the school and shot at the building multiple times before walking in through an apparently unlocked door. There was no school resource officer on site at the time. Escalon said Ramos then walked into a classroom and fired more than 25 times, with most of the gunfire in the beginning of the attack. When police officers arrived, they came under fire when they went to confront Ramos and took cover, according to Escalon. He said officers called for more resources and personnel, evacuated students and teachers in other parts of the school, and at some point began negotiations with the suspect. After about an hour, a U.S. Border Patrol tactical team forced its way into the classroom and fatally shot Ramos.

Responding to the criticism of how long it took before police went in after the gunman, Uvalde Police Chief Daniel Rodriguez defended his officers' response in a statement yesterday, saying, "It is important for our community to know that our officers responded within minutes." Protocol in response to situations like Tuesday's school shooting has been since the Columbine school shooting in 1999 to end the threat as quickly as possible.

Powerful image
 Husband Dies of Heart Attack Two Days After Wife Killed in School Shooting: Two days after 48-year-old Irma Garcia was killed in the Uvalde school shooting, one of the two teachers who died, her 50-year-old husband suffered a fatal heart attack, according to a family member. Joe Garcia had the heart attack after returning home from leaving flowers at his wife's memorial, his nephew John Martinez told the New York Times. The couple had been married for 24 years and had four children, the oldest a U.S. Marine and the youngest in seventh grade.

Biden to Visit Uvalde on Sunday: President Biden and First Lady Jill Biden will go to Uvalde, Texas, on Sunday to meet with and console the families of those killed in the school and honor the victims. The White House said Biden will also meet with community and religious leaders.

➤RUSSIA PUSHES WEST TO LIFT SANCTIONS, SHIFTS BLAME FOR FOOD CRISIS: Russia yesterday pushed the West to lift sanctions imposed on the country over its invasion of Ukraine, and also sought to shift blame for a growing food crisis that's been made worse by Ukraine being unable to ship millions of tons of grains and other food products because of the war and a Russian blockage of its ports. President Vladimir Putin said in a call with Italy's prime minister that Russia, quote, "is ready to make a significant contribution to overcoming the food crisis through the export of grain and fertilizer on the condition that politically motivated restrictions imposed by the West are lifted." The U.K. accused Russia of, quote, "trying to hold the world ransom." Foreign Secretary Liz Truss said, "He’s essentially weaponized hunger and lack of food among the poorest people."

➤SOUTHERN BAPTISTS RELEASE LIST OF ABUSERS: The Southern Baptist Convention late yesterday released a list of hundreds of pastors and other church-affiliated personnel accused of sexual abuse that had previously been secret. There are more than 700 names from cases that largely range from 2000 to 2019. The existence of the list became known after the release of a report from an independent investigation showed that the denomination's Executive Committee mishandled allegations of sex abuse, stonewalled survivors, and prioritized protecting the Southern Baptist Convention. Executive Committee leaders Rolland Slade and Willie McLaurin said releasing the list is a, quote, "initial, but important, step towards addressing the scourge of sexual abuse and implementing reform in the Convention."

➤N.Y. APPEALS COURT SAYS TRUMP MUST TESTIFY IN A.G.'S INVESTIGATION: A four-judge panel of a New York state appeals court rejected former President Donald Trump's appeal, saying that he and his two oldest children, Donald Trump Jr. and Ivanka Trump, must testify in depositions in Attorney General Letitia James' civil investigation. James is investigating alleged fraud by Trump's company, the Trump Organization. Trump has denied the allegations and called the probe a politically-motivated witch hunt. The appeals court rejected Trump's argument that he not be compelled to testify because his answers could be used in a parallel criminal probe.

Amber Heard testified on Thursday as a rebuttal witness for her defense in Johnny Depp’s defamation trial. The Aquaman actress said she “just want[s] Johnny to leave me alone.”

Heard called the trial “agonizing” and humiliating. "I am harassed, humiliated, threatened every single day — even just walking into this courtroom [and] sitting here in front of the world, having the worst parts of my life things I've lived through used to humiliate me,” she said.

Heard continued, "People want to kill me and they tell me so every day. People want to put my baby in the microwave. They tell me that. Johnny threatened, promised me if I ever left him, he'd make me think of him every single day that I lived.”

Heard fought back tears as she talked about the death threats she’s received since the trial began. "I received hundreds of death threats regularly, if not daily, since this trial started — people mocking my testimony about being assaulted ... I hope no one has to go through something like this. I just want Johnny to leave me alone. I've said that for years now."

Closing arguments will be heard on Friday (May 27th), and jurors will begin deliberating on Tuesday (May 31st).]

NY Post Graphic 5/27/22
  The Goodfellas actor died in his sleep while filming Dangerous Waters in the Dominican Republic. According to TMZ, no foul play is suspected.

Liotta made a name for himself after starring in Field of Dreams in 1989 and Martin Scorsese’s Goodfellas in 1990. His career had been flourishing in recent years as well, as he held roles in The Many Saints of Newark, Marriage Story, and No Sudden Move.

“Yeah, I’m not complaining. But I worked for it. I had to live through a period where things were down instead of up. I’ve definitely had an up-and-down career. But I’m extremely persistent and competitive where I just wanted to get to a certain place again,” he told The New York Post in October of 2021

Liotta is survived by his 23-year-old daughter, Karsen, and his fiancée, Jacy Nittolo.

Many stars took to social media to honor the late actor on Thursday, including Jennifer Lopez, Lorraine Bracco, and Alessandro Nivola.

If you’re hosting a Memorial Day BBQ this year you may want to brace yourself for the cost. The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ April Consumer Index (CPI) rose 8.3 percent compared to April’s 2021 number, and includes the cost of food rising 9.4 percent and the at-home food category rising 10.8 percent. And when it comes to individual food items, the price of bacon jumped the most year-over-year, 17.7 percent, followed by chicken legs (bone-in) which increased in price 16.4 percent, the price of ground beef also increased 16.4 percent, while the price of uncooked beef steaks jumped 11.8 percent, and the price of hot dogs increased 6.2 percent. The price increases are all due to inflation. To break it down further, a pack of hot dogs cost $3.81 in April 2021, and in April 2022 they cost $5.22, while the cost of 100% ground beef jumped from $4.10 to $4.92, and the cost of bacon jumped from $6.22 to $7.42. The good news? The cost of certain items, including strawberries, red and white wines, and tomatoes either did not increase, or stayed roughly the same.

➤FROZEN FOOD CATEGORY SURGES AMID INFLATION:  Inflation has people changing their food purchasing habits. Saffron Road manufacturers clean-label frozen food products and better-for-you meals, and they’ve seen a big increase in sales over the past few months. Adnan Durrani, Saffron Road CEO, says the frozen food category outgrew fresh by 230 percent this year—a growth rate he’d never seen in his decades-long career. When asked why, Durrani said, “Frozen is nature’s pause button,” and emphasized that frozen products, especially organic and locally sourced food items, “preserve that freshness” over time and allow for longevity with “over a year of shelf life.” Market research firm Mordor Intelligence notes the jump in sales in various frozen food items, noting that COVID-19 “positively impacted the frozen food market.” Durrani also adds, “A lot of folks are really conscious of [food waste] now—looking at their grocery bills, looking at how much they really throw away, looking at what they keep. Frozen has become a go-to in terms of reducing that problem.”

🏀WARRIORS TO PLAY FOR NBA TITLE AFTER BEATING DALLAS 120-110 TO WIN WESTERN CONF. FINALS: The Golden State Warriors will be playing for the NBA championship for the sixth time in eight seasons after beating the Dallas Mavericks 120-110 last night to win the Western Conference Finals 4 games to 1. Klay Thompson led the Warriors with 32 points and Andrew Wiggins added 18 points, but it was Stephen Curry, who had 15 points last night, who won the inaugural Western Conference Finals MVP, which is named for Magic Johnson. The Warriors will play the winner of the Boston-Miami Eastern Conference Finals for the NBA title. Boston is currently leading 3-2 with Game 6 tonight.

🏒OILERS TOP FLAMES 5-4 IN OVERTIME TO ADANCE TO CONFERENCE FINALS: The Edmonton Oilers topped the Calgary Flames 5-4 in overtime last night (May 26th) to win their second-round playoffs series 4 games to 1 and advance to the NHL's Western Conference Finals. Edmonton captain Connor McDavid scored the winning goal at 5:03 of overtime. The Oilers will play the winner of the series between the Colorado Avalanche and the St. Louis Blues in the conference finals. Colorado leads that series 3-2.

🏒NHL PLAYOFFS: Results from second-round games yesterday:
  • Edmonton Oilers 5, Calgary Flames 4 (OT) - Edmonton wins series 4-1
  • Carolina Hurricanes 3, New York Rangers 1 - Carolina leads series 3-2

🎾SWIATEK, MEDVEDEV, KEYS WIN AT FRENCH OPEN, HALEP HAD PANIC ATTACK BEFORE LOSS: Top-seeded woman Iga Swiatek, Number 3 Paula Badosa, and Americans Jessica Pegula and Madison Keys were among the second-round winners at the French Open yesterday. Number 19 Simona Halep was upset by unseeded Qinwen Zheng, and said after the match that she'd had a panic attack in the second set. She said, "I didn’t know how to handle it because I don’t have it often." On the men's side, the day's winners included second-seeded Daniil Medvedev and Number 4 Stefanos Tsitsipas.

⚾YANKEES' DONALDSON APOLOGIZES TO JACKIE ROBINSON'S FAMILY: New York Yankees third baseman Josh Donaldson apologized yesterday to Jackie Robinson's wife and family for referencing the iconic and groundbreaking player in a comment to the Chicago White Sox's Tim Anderson that led to Donaldson being suspended for one game. Donaldson had called Anderson "Jackie" in reference to Anderson having said in a 2019 interview, "I kind of feel like today’s Jackie Robinson." Donaldson said in a statement, "I would also like to apologize to Mrs. Rachel Robinson and the Jackie Robinson family for any distress this incident may have caused. Jackie was a true American hero and I hold his name in the highest regard." He also repeated that he'd apologized for offending Anderson and that he, quote, "absolutely meant no disrespect."

🏈REPORT: KAEPERNICK'S WORKOUT FOR RAIDERS WENT WELL: Quarterback Colin Kaepernick's workout for the Las Vegas Raiders on Wednesday (May 25th) went well, the NFL Network's Ian Rapoport tweeted Thursday. He wrote, "On Colin Kaepernick’s workout with the #Raiders: Sounds like it went well and he impressed. The door is open…" The workout was the first by Kaepernick for an NFL team since 2016, the last year he played in the league and the year he carried out kneeling protest against racial injustice during the national anthem.

🌃MARS, JUPITER WILL CONVERGE BEFORE DAWN SUNDAY:  There are a few reasons to look up this weekend. Mars and Jupiter will make an exceptionally close encounter in the pre-dawn sky over Memorial Day weekend—and will appear closest on Sunday. The astronomical event is known as a conjunction, and will be visible in a cloud-free sky just before dawn over a three-day period (Saturday, May 28 through Monday, May 30th). Those who are awake can spot both planets about 60 to 90 minutes before sunrise, local time, in the eastern sky. Jupiter will be the brighter of the two planets with Mars appearing just below it. Venus will also be visible, and will appear lower in the eastern sky, as will Saturn, which will be higher in the southeastern sky. While Jupiter and Mars may appear close to one another in the sky, in reality, they are hundreds of millions of miles apart, it’s just from the perspective of Earth that they’ll seem so close. Anyone who misses this planetary conjunction will have to wait until August 14th, 2024 for the next chance to see Mars and Jupiter converge.

Knoxville Radio: Black-Owned WJBE Could Go Silent Soon

Knoxville's only Black-owned radio station, WJBE 99.7 FM, could soon go silent. The Federal Communications Commission told the station's owner, Joe Armstrong, that they are moving to revoke his broadcasting license, reports WBIR Knoxville's 10News. 

Armstrong's attorneys say it is all because of a personal tax conviction that happened in 2016.
The FCC is threatening to take away Armstrong's broadcasts license because of a tax conviction.

Armstrong's attorney, Andrew ward said no law — at the FCC or anywhere else — should deny Americans a fresh start

"Joe has the 'character' to run a radio station," they said. "He's proven that for a decade."

Joe served for decades in the Tennessee General Assembly. In 2008, he legally sold cigarette tax stamps for a profit. His accountant did not properly pay the taxes on this sale, and Joe got in trouble with the IRS.

In 2016, he was acquitted of the most serious charges but convicted of a single false statement count. After his conviction, he retired from the legislature. Joe has served his time for the offense — which the judge called an aberration in an otherwise "exemplary life" — and his civil rights were restored in 2020.

In 2017, Joe reported his conviction to the FCC and did not think it was a problem for the station. But now, 5 years later, the FCC is threatening to revoke his license

Armstrong says he paid his debt to society and served three years of probation. He believes that he and the community should not be punished for something that happened years ago. 

TV Ratings: MSNBC Struggles With Weekly Maddow

MSNBC’s key 9 p.m. ET primetime weeknight slot has been mired in a ratings slump since “The Rachel Maddow” show shifted to a once-per-week format, reports The NY Post citing Nielsen data.

Since the start of the month, the left-leaning network has aired “MSNBC Prime” in the critical time slot four nights per week – with its star anchor Maddow taking the reins to host her show only on Mondays.

That shift has coincided with a downturn in MSNBC’s primetime ratings – especially among viewers in a key advertising demographic. “MSNBC Prime” has averaged about 1.2 million viewers since its debut on May 3, down from the 1.7 million viewers Maddow averaged on her show before the shift to a once-per-week broadcast.

Among adults aged 25-54, a key segment for advertisers, “MSNBC Prime is averaging just 114,000 viewers per night. That number is a 47% decline from Maddow’s average of 214,000 prior to the change.

Maddow’s once-per-week show has averaged about 2 million viewers since May 2, according to Nielsen data.

Despite the downturn, MSNBC’s ratings in the 9 p.m. hour have outpaced those of its main left-leaning rival CNN, which has lacked a permanent host in the same time slot since anchor Chris Cuomo’s abrupt firing in December.

MSNBC has more than doubled CNN’s viewership on nights when Maddow’s show doesn’t air – with CNN averaging 572,000 total viewers from Tuesday through Friday during the period of May 2 to 22.

Meanwhile, Fox News’ “Hannity” has remained the ratings leader in the 9 p.m. hour, outpacing “MSNBC Prime” in the key advertising demo by 252% since the show’s debut.

BBC Moves Channels Online To Cut Costs

Britain's BBC will move its children's CBBC channel and culture-focused BBC 4 online and merge its global and national news channels in changes announced on Thursday that will save millions of pounds and make the broadcaster "digital first", reports Reuters.

The publicly-funded broadcaster's staff will drop by up to 1,000 over the next few years, it said.

The BBC's income from a licence fee paid by all TV-watching British households has been frozen for the next two years, and will rise in line with inflation for the following four.

Director-General Tim Davie told staff that the corporation, which celebrates its centenary this year, must reform "to stay relevant and continue to provide great value for all".

The plan will save $629 million a year, of which 200 million pounds will make up some of the licence fee shortfall and 300 million pounds will be invested in digital, including new programmes for its video on-demand iPlayer.

It was announced shortly after the government told the broadcaster to aim for one in four staff to come from a working-class background, enshrining a target the BBC had already set.

But it has struggled to navigate the political and cultural disputes gripping Britain, with critics saying it has a London-centric, metropolitan viewpoint that fails to represent swathes of the country.

EpochTV Adds Talker Larry Elder To Line-Up

Epoch Media Group (EMG) announces that Talk Hoat Larry Elder Elder has joined EMG, publisher of the rapidly growing international newspaper The Epoch Times, where he will host “The Larry Elder Show” on EpochTV four times a week. The show also will be broadcast on NTDTV and other platforms associated with EMG. 

In his livestreamed show, Elder will “continue to give the audience his take on the latest and most important issues facing America.” 

Based in Los Angeles, Elder is known to his following as “the sage from South Central” and “America’s truth detector.” He was the front-running GOP challenger to Gov. Gavin Newsom in the 2021 California gubernatorial recall election. Elder is also an attorney, author, and accomplished documentary filmmaker.

Epoch Times CEO John Tang applauded the announcement: “Larry Elder is an advocate of the principles of The Epoch Times newspaper—Truth and Tradition—and is inspired by its mission to bring readers accurate information so they can form their own opinions about the most significant topics of our time.” 

Tang added, “In a day and age of sensationalist and emotionally charged news coverage, Elder uses the facts—with humor and insight—to break down the nation’s current events and most urgent issues.”

Commenting on this new association, Elder said: “I’m excited to join The Epoch Times. I’m impressed by the newspaper’s courage and willingness to speak the truth to promote liberty and freedom.”

“So, grab a seat and hold on!” Elder said. “We’ve got a country to save.”

Justin Timberlake Cashes In

Justin Timberlake has officially sold his catalog to Hipgnosis in a reportedly $100 million deal, reports Digital Music News.

41-year-old Justin Timberlake’s multimillion-dollar pact with Blackstone-powered Hipgnosis Song Management just recently came to light. According to The Wall Street Journal, the reportedly $100 million transaction encompasses the entirety of the former NSYNC member’s roughly 200-track catalog.

On this front, Timberlake (who has 26.65 million monthly listeners on Spotify) has co-written hits such as 2002’s “Rock Your Body,” 2006’s “SexyBack” and “What Goes Around… Comes Around,” and 2016’s “Can’t Stop the Feeling!,” to name a few.

Besides the five studio albums that the 10-time Grammy winner (and 39-time nominee) has released as a solo act, Timberlake has appeared on and co-penned well-known tracks like 50 Cent’s “Ayo Technology” (2007), Madonna’s “4 Minutes” (2008), and Meek Mill’s “Believe” (2020), among an array of others as well as some prominent NSYNC efforts.

Although today’s reportedly $100 million price tag has been covered by the approximately $1 billion that Blackstone put up to purchase song rights back in October of 2021, the investment demonstrates that capital is continuing to reach the previously red-hot catalog space despite signs of a cooldown.

Meanwhile, Warner Music Group and KKR-backed BMG are reportedly vying to acquire Pink Floyd’s catalog for a cool $500 million.

SiriusXM To Air Coverage of Indy 500

SiriusXM, which airs live broadcasts of every NTT INDYCAR® SERIES race, announced today its on-track and off-track programming plans for the 106th Running of the Indianapolis 500.

SiriusXM listeners will have access to the live call of the race from Indianapolis Motor Speedway this Sunday, May 29. Pre-race coverage begins at 11:00 am ET, with the green flag scheduled to start the race at approximately 12:45 pm ET, on SiriusXM INDYCAR Nation (SiriusXM channel 160) and NBC Sports Audio (SiriusXM channel 85). SiriusXM INDYCAR Nation will also air the Indianapolis 500 Carb Day Practice session on Friday at 11:00 am ET.

Leading up to race day, INDYCAR fans can also tune in to exclusive programming hosted by two of the drivers who will be competing in the 2022 Indianapolis 500 field on Sunday.

The SiriusXM INDYCAR Nation channel is available to Canadian subscribers on the SXM App, along with Amazon Alexa, the Google Assistant or however they stream at home. NBC Sports Audio and BPM channels are available to Canadian subscribers nationwide on SiriusXM radios, along with the SXM App, and on their at-home devices. Streaming access to SiriusXM is included with most subscriptions. Go to to learn more.

SiriusXM's Listen Free event runs from May 26 through June 6, so everyone can listen to NBC Sports Audio coverage of the Indianapolis 500, along with special BPM performances. During the Listen Free event, anyone can turn on an inactive satellite radio and listen to more than 100 SiriusXM channels for free, with no credit card required. Go to to learn more.

R.I.P.: Alan White, Longtime Yes Drummer

Alan White
Alan White, the longtime drummer for progressive rock pioneers Yes who also played on projects with John Lennon and George Harrison, has died. He was 72.

White’s death was announced on his Facebook page by his family. The post said he died at his Seattle-area home Thursday after a brief illness. Just days earlier Yes had announced that due to health issues White would not take part in the band’s upcoming tour of the United Kingdom to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the iconic album “Close to the Edge.”

White joined Yes in 1972, replacing original drummer Bill Bruford. In a band noted for frequent lineup changes, White was a constant and was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Yes in 2017.

Though he didn’t play on “Close to the Edge,” he performed on every subsequent Yes studio album over nearly five decades, including the band’s latest release, “The Quest,” which came out last year.

White stayed with the band through its many iterations. A trailblazing act in the progressive rock scene in England that grew in popularity in the early 1970s alongside bands like Genesis, Pink Floyd and Jethro Tull, Yes was especially known for its intricate arrangements and the musical skill of its individual members

May 27 Radio History

➦In 1933...Future Canadian media mogul Ted Rogers Jr. was born in Toronto.  He founded his company in 1960 with Toronto radio station CHFI and built it into Canada’s largest wireless, cable and media company. He died from congestive heart failure Dec. 2 2008 at age 75.

➦In 1951…The radio serial "Wild Bill Hickock" began on the Mutual Radio network. Guy Madison and Andy Devine starred on both the radio and syndicated TV versions.

➦In 1957...1050 CHUM-AM became Canada's first Top 40 radio station.

The CHUM Building at 1331 Yonge St., Toronto was the home of 1050 CHUM from 1959 until 2009

Elvis Presley's "All Shook Up" was the first song played. "1050 CHUM" pioneered rock and roll radio in Toronto, and was noteworthy for hosting many noteworthy rock concerts including, among others, visits to Maple Leaf Gardens by Elvis Presley (1957) and The Beatles (1964, '65, and '66).

In the late 1950s, CHUM was calling itself "Radio One", as its ratings continued to increase. An important part of CHUM's success was the station's unpredictable morning man Al Boliska, who joined CHUM in October 1957, after working at station CKLC in Kingston, Ontario.

By 1959, Boliska had made a name for himself as a disc jockey who got listeners talking. He also made them laugh, and became known for telling what he called the "World's Worst Jokes".

Boliska also did a number of stunts, such as taking part in a professional wrestling match with Whipper Billy Watson. When he lost, that led to another stunt, where Boliska stayed away from his show for several days, saying he was now too discouraged by the loss to do his show. A hypnotist was called in, and Boliska's self-esteem was restored.

Boliska left CHUM in late 1963 to go 'across the street' to CKEY. He was replaced by WKBW Buffalo radio & TV personality Jay Nelson, popularly known as "Jungle Jay" from his role as host of a children's show on Buffalo's Channel 7 which was also popular among Toronto youngsters. He would be followed by housewives' jock John Spragge; singer/DJ Mike Darow; Pete Nordheimer, replaced in 1961 by Bob McAdorey, teen DJ Dave Johnson, and all night DJ Bob Laine. Later additions to the CHUM DJ lineup included Duff Roman and Brian Skinner, both of whom came from rival Toronto rocker CKEY (then owned by Jack Kent Cooke).

(Courtesy of the Rock Radio Scrapbook, Click Here for  an early aircheck of 1050 CHUM from July 17, 1957.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, CHUM DJs included Duke Roberts (also known as Gary Duke for a time), Johnny Mitchell (better known today as Sonny Fox), J. Michael Wilson, Tom Rivers, Scott Carpenter, Jim Van Horne, John Rode, Don Reagan, John Majhor, Mike Cooper, Daryl B, Terry Steele, Mike Holland and Roger Ashby. Among their later night-time hosts was J. D. Roberts, who joined CHUM for a time in 1977, eventually becoming known across North America as White House correspondent for CBS News, then the co-anchor of CNN's morning program American Morning. Rick Moranis, later famous for his work on SCTV and Ghostbusters, was briefly a late-night CHUM DJ in the mid-seventies under the name "Rick Allan".

CHUM became well known for its zany contests. In the 1950's and '60's, it was contests such as 'The Walking Man', where listeners had to spot CHUM's mystery walking man using only clues given out on the air. The 1970s' "I Listen to CHUM" promotion had DJs dialing phone numbers at random and awarding $1,000 to anyone who answered the phone with that phrase. In 1976, there was the CHUM Starsign promotion. Listeners wore a button featuring their astrological sign. If CHUM's 'Starsign spotter' saw you wearing your Starsign, you won prizes such as money or concert tickets to major events.

The CHUM Chart was, for many years, the most influential weekly Top 40 chart in Canada and has been hailed as the longest-running continuously published radio station record survey in North America. The first CHUM Chart was released on May 27, 1957, with Elvis Presley's "All Shook Up" the first Number 1 song.

1050 CHUM aired Top 40 from 1957 to 1986.  Today, 1050 CHUM airs Sports Talk.

➦In 1994...famed talk-show host, Larry King, aired his final Westwood One show, leaving radio to concentrate on his nightly CNN hour.

Peri Gilpin is 61


  • Actor Lee Meriwether is 87. 
  • Musician Ramsey Lewis is 87. 
  • Actor Louis Gossett Jr. is 86. 
  • Actor Bruce Weitz is 79. 
  • Singer Bruce Cockburn is 77. 
  • Jazz singer Dee Dee Bridgewater is 72. 
  • Actor Richard Schiff (“The Good Doctor,” “The West Wing”) is 67. 
  • Singer Siouxsie Sioux of Siouxsie and the Banshees is 65. 
  • Singer-guitarist Neil Finn of Crowded House and Split Enz is 64. 
  • Actor Peri Gilpin (“Frasier”) is 61. 
  • Actor Cathy Silvers (“Happy Days”) is 61. 
  • Jamie Oliver is 47
    Comedian Adam Carolla is 58. 
  • Actor Todd Bridges (“Diff’rent Strokes”) is 57. 
  • Drummer Sean Kinney of Alice In Chains is 56. 
  • Actor Dondre’ Whitfield (“Queen Sugar”) is 53. 
  • Actor Paul Bettany (“The Da Vinci Code,” ″A Beautiful Mind”) is 51. 
  • Singer-guitarist Brian Desveaux of Nine Days is 51. 
  • Actor Jack McBrayer (“30 Rock”) is 49. 
  • Rapper Andre 3000 of Outkast is 47. 
  • Rapper Jadakiss is 47. 
  • TV chef Jamie Oliver is 47. 
  • Actor Ben Feldman (“Mad Men”) is 42. 
  • Actor Darin Brooks (“The Bold and the Beautiful”) is 38. 
  • Actor Chris Colfer (“Glee”) is 32. 
  • Actor Ethan Dampf (“American Dreams”) is 28. 
  • Actor Desiree Ross (“Greenleaf”) is 23.

Thursday, May 26, 2022

R.I.P.: Andy Fletcher, Depeche Mode Founding Member

Andy Fletcher, a founding member of the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame-inducted electronic band Depeche Mode, has died at the age of 60, the group announced on Twitter.

Fletcher was a member of Depeche Mode for over 40 years, from their official formation in 1980 and their 1981 debut album Speak and Spell up through their most recent LP, 2017’s Spirit.

In 2020, Fletcher and his Depeche Mode bandmates — longtime members Dave Gahan and Martin Gore and former members Vince Clarke and Alan Wilder — were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

“The beauty of using electronics is that music can now be made in your bedroom,” Fletcher told Rolling Stone in 1990. “You don’t need to get four people together in some warehouse to practice. You don’t have to have four excellent musicians fighting among themselves. You can do it in your bedroom, and it’s all down to ideas.”

Salem Signs Julie Hartman In A Three Pronged Deal

Salem Media Group, Inc.  announced today that it has signed newly graduated Harvard University student Julie Hartman to a three pronged deal involving Salem Podcast Network, Salem News Channel, and Salem Radio Network.

“Julie represents a new generation of young media professionals, and we are adding some to the Salem platform, proving that even at Harvard you can come out a conservative if you keep your wits about you,” said Salem Senior Vice President of Spoken Word, Phil Boyce. “Her story is compelling and even riveting, and will probably be a book and a movie someday.”

Julie will start in September, hosting 2 shows every weekend on Salem News Channel, three podcasts a week on the Salem Podcast Network, and sub hosting on various Salem Radio Network programs.

Julie Hartman
As a sophomore in college, she sensed that most of her life she was exposed to one perspective. Searching for a non-left understanding of America, she found Dennis Prager’s book “Still the Best Hope,” his major work that explains both the left and America. As a result, she realized she actually held many conservative beliefs. She wrote to Dennis to tell him how much his work influenced her and he invited her to visit him in his Los Angeles radio studio.

Julie became a regular guest on the Prager radio show, explaining how college students are indoctrinated with liberal philosophies in colleges across the country, including Harvard. By the end of the summer she had grown into a substitute host on the program, later doing a weekly podcast called “Dennis and Julie.”

“Despite her young age, Julie Hartman has become one of the most important people in my life,” said Prager. “Every generation seems to produce a tiny handful of brilliant and morally clear people who are also courageous fighters. She is one of them. I thank God I found her,” said Prager.

The “Dennis and Julie Podcast” is heard every week on the Salem Podcast Network and can be viewed on YouTube, and Rumble.

“I am honored that Salem Radio Network has entrusted me with this responsibility,” said Julie. “Finding Dennis Prager's work and getting to know him has illuminated my life's vocation. Because of him, I've been able to collaborate with many other remarkably talented people at Salem. My generation needs courageous, independent, truth-telling voices. My goal is to be among the best of them,” added Julie.

Artists Growing Tired Of Music's Promo Push On Tik Tok

More than two years after TikTok became pop music’s most efficient new hit-making platform — thanks in part to a user base that exploded amid the early stuck-at-home days of the COVID-19 pandemic — a growing number of musicians are voicing concerns about the record industry’s reliance on the short-form video-sharing app, which has helped make smashes of songs such as Lizzo’s “About Damn Time,” Harry Styles’ “As It Was” and “We Don’t Talk About Bruno,” from the chart-topping soundtrack of Disney’s “Encanto,” according to The L-A Times.

Last week, FKA twigs posted a video in which she said she was “told off today for not making enough effort” on TikTok, while Charli XCX recently filmed herself looking comically exhausted — the effect, she said, of her label having asked her “to make my 8th tiktok of the week.” (“i was just lying for fun,” Charli later wrote on Twitter.)

Maren Morris lamented the “one-size-fits-all grip on our art” she says is exerted by record companies’ “algorithm ‘virality’ data.”

The complaints are part of a larger critique of the draining effect that social media has come to play in artists’ lives at a moment when they’re expected to be creating content at all times.

Despite the outcry, there’s no denying the promotional muscle at work when hundreds of thousands of TikTok users — the company says it has 1 billion around the world — make videos using a given song to soundtrack a trendy dance or some other activity.

Take any track near the top of a streaming chart or Billboard’s Hot 100, and it’s almost certain to have a significant presence on TikTok, whether that presence was sparked by the artist themselves or by some random kid with a quirky idea that ended up catching fire.

It’s not hard to look at Halsey’s video, which has racked up more than 8 million views, as a form of promo itself — and not long after she made a TikTok advertising her line of cosmetics.

“It’s amazing how powerful it is for music,” says veteran talent manager Jonathan Daniel, co-founder of Crush Music, which oversees the careers of stars such as Lorde, Green Day, Miley Cyrus, Sia and Fall Out Boy. “Right now we have a Sia song and a Panic! at the Disco song in the top 100 on Spotify essentially because of TikTok.” As the importance of terrestrial radio has faded (at least among younger listeners), the internet has democratized the hit-making process, Daniel explains; hits are no longer decided by industry gatekeepers but by the masses on their iPhones, which has left labels desperate to repeat a trick when it happens.

“They’re like, ‘We’re not sure what to do, but this is working for some people, so you should do it too,’ ” he says.

Daniel recalls being bummed out not long ago when he came across Tori Amos’ first crack at the platform, in which the beloved singer-songwriter greets the audience with a kind of get-me-out-of-here expression. “It just felt like somebody had told her, ‘You need to get on TikTok,’ ” the manager says of Amos, who broke out in the early 1990s, long before the age of social media. “And she’s like, ‘Why are you making me do this?’ ”

Some music insiders view TikTok — and the burgeoning resistance to it — as merely the latest evolution in a business that’s always prized visual presentation. “In the MTV era you had to be good at making videos,” said one longtime industry figure who requested anonymity to speak freely. “And believe me — some acts didn’t want to do them. But as with MTV back then, this is where the audience is now.”

Edison Research Explores The Reach Of Podcasts

The immense number of existing podcasts and the saturation within the market, without question, is one of the most popular conversations ongoing in the industry, according to Gabriel Soto, Senior Director of Research, Edison Research. 

For an advertiser aiming to reach a large number of people – choosing where to launch their boat in this sea of two million or so existing podcasts can be quite intimidating.

Last week, using Edison Podcast Metrics data, Edison looked at the “long tail” of podcast listening, and noted that the “big hits” of the medium account for a large portion of all listening. Edison Podcast Metrics can also provide a roadmap and answer the important question: where on this tail should one advertise? For the advertiser looking for reach, a surprisingly small number of the total shows – those at the top of the charts– can get one’s message to a surprisingly large portion of all podcast listeners.

This week Edison looks at how much reach a brand can achieve among weekly podcast listeners if that brand were just to buy these ‘biggest shows’.  As the graphic below demonstrates, if one were to simply buy the top ten biggest shows in podcasting an advertiser would be reaching one-third of all weekly podcast listeners.

Expand the buy to the top 25 shows, and one is pushing close to half.

Just the top 100 shows combined are reaching six-in-ten weekly podcast listeners, and if one could buy all of the top 1,000 podcasts, 82% of all weekly podcast listeners would be exposed to the advertisement.  

This access to 82% of the weekly podcast audience (more than 50 million Americans) is not only composed of shows from big-name networks, but independently operated ones too, such as Escuela de Nada (#707). 

So of course, at this point, Soto states you can turn the numbers inside out – buying every single one of the remaining podcasts beyond the top 1,000 will achieve an additional 18% reach.  

This doesn’t necessarily mean advertisers should ignore any podcast that falls below the top 1000. The 18% of the audience that is not reachable by the top 1,000 podcasts amount to millions of people accessible only by tapping into the shows beyond the top 1,000. Not to mention, these shows with smaller audiences are very useful in targeting specific types of listeners that align with specific types of brands.